Cheese and Other Dairy Products: Are they Processed?

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There’s a question I’ve been getting a lot lately and it goes something like this:

If you avoid processed foods how is it that you’re still eating cheese (or cream cheese or sour cream or [insert dairy product here])? Isn’t cheese processed?”

The thing is even cooking is technically a form of processing or changing your food so unless you are on a raw food diet, which we are not, we are all eating food that’s been somewhat “processed”. So maybe it would be better to say we avoid all highly processed foods, which, to draw the line somewhere, we define as having more than 5 (or any refined) ingredients.

So to hopefully answer some of those burning cheese questions I’d like to share what we look for when it comes to purchasing dairy products in general. And in case you missed it be sure to check out our post earlier this month all about milk.


There are a few basic things we look for in cheese…

  • Organic: As I’ve mentioned before you can’t exactly peel or wash off dairy products like you can with conventional produce so we think it’s best to go organic if you can.
  • Block Form (as opposed to pre-grated): Bagged, pre-shredded cheese contains an anti-caking agent called cellulose that’s sometimes made from wood pulp. Whether this additive concerns you or not the point is it’s an extra additive you will not find in a block of cheese. So when we want grated cheese at our house we just grate it ourselves. Yes, it’s an extra step, but it’s worth it to me especially because I think the texture is much better (i.e. less “powdery”).
  • White: Cheese, which is obviously made from milk or cream, is meant to be white not orange…think about it. The orange color is typically a harmless, natural color additive, but just to make a point I personally like to buy my cheese white because that’s the way it’s supposed to be. When it comes to “voting with my dollars” I don’t like to mess around!
  • Full Fat: We no longer buy any reduced-fat or non-fat food products (since to get products that way they are simply more processed), which is actually kind of a relief because I never thought the low-fat versions tasted all that good anyway!
  • Grass-Fed: Cows are meant to eat grass (not corn), and as I mentioned in the milk post when animals are fed a proper diet their food products are in turn more nutritious for you. Sometimes it’s hard to find, but I ideally look for cheeses that either say “grass-fed” or “pasture raised” on the package.

Yogurt*, Cream Cheese, and Other Dairy Products

This is what we look for when it comes to other dairy products like cream cheese, sour cream, yogurt, cottage cheese, and ricotta cheese…

  • Organic: Just like cheese and milk we always choose organic when it comes to any dairy products.
  • Full Fat: Once again we did away with all low-fat and non-fat products when we made the switch to real food.
  • Plain: When it comes to dairy products like yogurt, it’s always best to buy the plain version and flavor it yourself. The majority of factory-made food contains way too much sugar (and salt and oil) so it’s not only best to be able to control how much is added, but also what type of sweetener is used. We love mixing our plain yogurt with homemade berry sauce, homemade strawberry-honey jam, or a little maple syrup and vanilla extract… you can also add some orange zest for a real treat!
  • Least Number of Ingredients: No matter what type of food you are buying I highly recommend to ALWAYS read the ingredients before making a purchase. Most of the time least processed = least number of ingredients (as long as those ingredients are “whole” of course).
  • Grass-Fed: Once again this can be hard to find especially when you are looking beyond cheese and milk, but ideally all dairy products should come from grass-fed (as opposed to corn or grain-fed) cows.

*Note Regarding Greek Yogurt: I can’t really say that Greek yogurt is “better” or “worse” for you than regular yogurt because to be honest it’s just different. As long as the yogurt meets the criteria outlined above just pick whichever one you like best!


New Sponsor: Plan to Eat

I’d like to introduce another one of our newest sponsors today…Plan to Eat! Plan to Eat is a very cool meal planning service that is quite different from all the rest. Before now most of the services I’ve come across give you a dinner plan and shopping list so you basically eat the meals they’ve picked out for you for the week. Plan to Eat, on the other hand, is a program that automatically turns YOUR own recipes into a meal plan and shopping list. You can import recipes from websites and blogs or add your own. So in the most basic terms you decide what you’re going to have for dinner and Plan to Eat organizes the information for you into one neat meal plan and shopping list! They even have a feature where you can access your shopping list from your mobile phone. Pretty cool, huh?

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254 comments to Cheese and Other Dairy Products: Are they Processed?

  • Jennifer

    I am not as comfortable with unpasteurized /raw dairy products. Any other brand suggestion

  • Andrea

    we use kerrygold cheese and stonyfield yogurt

  • Michelle

    Hi! Any “recipes” to make my own yogurt quickly and easily? I work full time and have two kids so labor intensive/time consuming isn’t up my alley! TIA

    • Shannon


      I’ve just started making my own yogurt and I can give you a really simple recipe.I use a 2qt crock pot and I fill it with 6 cups of whole milk. I cook it on low/high depending on what I’m doing. When it reaches 180 degrees using a thermometer shut it off. Let it cool down to 110 degrees and take out one cup of milk and mix it with about 2 Tbsp of store bought yogurt (I used brown cow). Pour that mixture back into the crock pot and gently mix it with a spoon back and forth. Wrap the crock pot up in a towel and place it in the stove or other dry/dark area. In 12 hours voila you have 6 cups of yogurt. From there I save the culture and use it for my next batch following the same directions. The longer it sits (can sit up to 24 hours) the thicker it becomes but also gets more tart. Also eventually you will have to replace your yogurt culture but I’ve been using the same one from my original batch for 2 months-making yogurt weekly. Hope that helps!

  • Heather B

    I make my own yogurt quickly and easily using a yogourmet electric yogurt maker. I love it because it makes perfect yogurt every time. My son was on a special diet for over two years (SCD diet) and I made a half gallon a week. At the beginning he was trying to gain weight and we used organic half and half. As you can imagine that makes the best yogurt around. We “cooked” the yogurt for 24 hours as prescribed on the SCD diet and I still do that when I make yogurt (now I use organic whole milk). Add a touch of honey or some grain free yogurt… yum! I also use the yogourmet yogurt starter.
    Here’s a link to the yogurt machine, it is a great investment:

  • Heather B

    sorry… that should read “grain free granola,” not “grain free yogurt.”

  • Phoebe

    I was wary of this recipe because it seemed too simple. I was thinking it would be boring. I was dead wrong! It is so so good! I’m so glad I took a chance on it and this is how I will be making my chicken salad from here out!

  • Tiffany

    I feel like this question won’t make sense but I’ll ask anyway: Where in the store is the best place to find the best block cheese? Would it be with the shredded cheese section or over by the bakery where they have a section of specialty type cheeses?

    • Amy Taylor (comment moderator)

      Hi there. It completely depends on the store. I go to four different groceries here and they are all in different places. :) Most commonly, however, you do find most of the cheeses (outside of the deli area) grouped close together. Some stores have separate organic and health food sections, too. Again, depends on the store. Sorry. ;)

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