Some highlights from the Food, Inc. Documentary

If you missed the documentary Food, Inc. on PBS last week, don’t worry because I took notes on some of the highlights (below). You can also rent it through Netflix or Blockbuster, or purchase it on Amazon (or rent from Amazon Prime). You now officially have no more excuses to not be enlightened by this movie!

Supermarkets and Corn –

  • The tomatoes you buy in the grocery store are picked when green and then ripened with ehtylene gas
  • The food industry doesn’t want you to know the truth about what you are eating because if you did you might not eat it – it is a world deliberately hidden from us
  • Most people have no idea where their food comes from (do you?)
  • The fact that people need to write a book (and a blog!) telling people where their food comes from shows how far removed we are
  • The average grocery store has 47,000 products which makes it look like there is a large variety of choice – but it is an illusion – there are only a few major companies and a few major crops involved
  • So much of the processed food is just clever rearrangements of corn (here are just a few examples of the additives that are derived from corn: cellulose, saccharin, polydextrose, xanthan gum, maltodextrin, and my favorite – ha ha ha – high fructose corn syrup) –> more to come on this additives topic in a later post
  • 30% of our land base in the US is used to grow corn because thanks to government policy farmers are paid to overproduce this easy-to-store crop
  • Farmers are producing so much corn that food scientists had to come up with uses for it – just like some of the additives listed above
  • Food scientist have also spent a lot of time reengineering our foods – so they last longer on grocery store shelves and don’t get stale
  • A food scientist in the movie said he would guess that 90% of the processed food products in the grocery store contain either a corn or soybean ingredient and most of the time they contain both (so you may be eating less variety than you think)
  • Plus they are now feeding corn to animals like cows who, by evolution, are designed to eat grass and in some cases farmers are even teaching fish how to eat corn because it is so cheap
  • At the supermarket candy, chips and soda are all cheaper than produce
  • A double-cheeseburger from McDonald’s is 99 cents and you can’t even get a head of broccoli for that price
  • Those snack calories are cheaper because the commodity crops like corn, wheat, and soybeans are heavily subsidized
  • This is why the biggest predictor of obesity is income level
  • Type 2 diabetes used to only affect adults and now it is affecting children in epidemic proportions
  • Modern agriculture is all about doing things faster, fatter, bigger, cheaper…no one is thinking about the health of our system
  • People are so disconnected and ignorant about something as intimate as the food that we eat

Cows and beef –

  • McDonald’s is the largest purchaser of ground beef (and potatoes, apples, pork, and even tomatoes) in the United States, and they want their food to taste same everywhere, so they have great influence on the system – so even if you don’t eat at fast food restaurants you may be eating meat produced by this system
  • What it comes down to is that, similar to the meat industry, only a handful of companies are controlling our entire food system:
    • In 1970 – the top 5 beef packers controlled 25% of the market
    • Today – the top 4 beef packers control 80% of market
  • You start feeding corn to cows, E. Coli evolves and a certain mutation occurs which is very harmful
  • Animals at factory farms stand ankle deep in their manure all day long so if one cow has E. Coli others can get it too
  • At a slaughter house their hides are caked with manure and if you are slaughtering 400 cows per hour how do you keep it from spreading?
  • So this harmful strain of E. Coli, that didn’t used to be in the world, is now a problem
  • E. Coli is even in spinach and apple juice because of the run off from factory farms
  • It doesn’t help that the Chief of Staff for the USDA was a former lobbyist for the beef industry
  • Regulatory agencies are being controlled by the very companies they are supposed to be scrutinizing
  • There has always been food poisoning, but food is not getting safer it is becoming more contaminated because with the bigger factories it spreads the problem far and wide
  • There are only 13 slaughterhouses for the majority of beef in all of the US
  • Ground beef from the grocery store has thousands of different cows mixed up in it so the chance of one of those cows in your meat having a disease is increased
  • After eating hamburger contaminated with E. Coli 0157:H7 a woman’s 2-year-old son went from a perfectly healthy boy to being dead in 12 days
  • In the 90’s some industrial meat factories were tested for E. Coli 0157:H7 and if they failed they were supposed to be shut down – but there was not enough authority to close the contaminated plants
  • Some companies are now using a hamburger meat filler cleansed with ammonia hydroxide to help kill E. Coli (mmm…that sounds tasty)

Chickens and Industrial Chicken Farms –

  • Chickens are being raised in half the time they were in 1950s (49 days vs. 3 months), but even in half the time they are ending up twice as big (thanks to antibiotics, among other things)
  • People like white meat so scientists have managed to redesign the chicken to have bigger breasts
  • Today’s industrial chicken farms produce a lot of food, on a small amount of land, for a very affordable price
  • A Tyson Chicken farmer says the chickens never even see sunlight – they are kept day and night in chicken houses with no windows
  • When chickens grow from a baby chic to a 5.5 lb chicken in 7 weeks the bones can’t keep up with growth – which means some can’t handle weight that they are carrying so when they try to take a few steps they fall down
  • Corn is cheap (and also helps make the chickens fat quickly) so it has allowed us to drive down the price of meat – over 200lbs of meat per person per year would not be possible without this diet of cheap grain
  • Is cheapness everything there is? Who wants to buy a cheap car?
  • It is actually expensive food when considering the environmental and health costs

Pork and Hog Processing Plants –

  • Those who work for a Smithfield hog processing plant say the company has the same mentality towards workers as they do the hogs
  • They slaughter 32,000 hogs per day (2,000 hogs an hour) and employees get infections from handling the guts so much
  • Meat packing is one of the most dangerous jobs in the US and it is done by a lot of illegal immigrants

The Government’s Role –

  • The Government is dominated by the industries it is supposed to be regulating (via the way of former industry execs that are now government regulators)
  • 70% of processed foods have some sort of Genetically Modified Organism (GMO) – the food industry fought against having to label foods as GMO and won
  • It is also against the law to criticize the food industry’s foods – thanks to the “Veggie Libel Laws”
  • The food industry has different protections than other industries (remember how Oprah was sued after saying she won’t eat another burger)
  • In Colorado it is a actually a felony and you can go to prison for criticizing their foods
  • The “Cheeseburger bills” make it difficult to sue them, but these companies have legions of attorneys and they may sue you (even if they can’t win) just to send a message

What we can do to change things –

  • The average consumer does not feel very powerful and it is the exact opposite because when we buy our food we are voting for local or not or organic or not
  • Individual consumers changed the biggest retailer’s milk options to now offer organic (Wal-Mart)
  • We also need changes at the policy level so carrots are more affordable than chips
  • The tobacco industry had huge control over public policy and it is the perfect model on how an industry’s irresponsible behavior was changed
  • The food industry will deliver to the marketplace what the marketplace demands – so if we demand good wholesome food we will get it
  • You can vote to change the system 3 times a day
  • Choose foods that are in season, local, organic and read the labels when you go to the grocery store (which is what this blog is all about!)
  • Cook a meal with your family and eat together…everyone has a right to healthy food
  • You can change the world with every bite
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  • Comments

    1. |

      Hi Lisa!

      I did a News Report for my Nutrition class and included you in my resources on which I completed research. You have precise key points regarding Food, Inc. and I absolutely love your blog!

      Thanks :)

    2. Pauline |

      Good for you. Thank you for taking and sharing notes on the documentary of Food Inc. I watched the film a few days ago and googled to see what other people say about this film. I wish every body takes the time to watch it. I am doing all I can to make a difference. We have always been growing garden and buy local produce that are available. We only purchase what we can’t grow on our own and rarely eat out. Thanks again. Keep up the good work.

    3. Valerie |

      growth hormones are illegal in the US for use in poultry, so that was misleading information. Scientists have figured out which traits of the chicken let them grow the biggest, it’s not good, considering the chickens cant even walk. but no growth hormones are used. :)

    4. Anonymus Farmer |

      I really like how many people assume things about farming when they do not even know. On this article is says how chicken never see sunlight that’s completely FALSE for the majority of farmers yes there are some people that abuse your animals. My chickens have an extremely large pen outside when they also can get to an indoor house as well. Also corn is not harmful to cows it provides them a lot of nutrients. This article also says how modern farming is always about doing things faster and cheaper. Have any of you ever been a farmer it is not easy and is NOT cheap! Farming is extremely expensive and their is a huge risk in farming because they is so many things that could go wrong and you could not receive a profit! Lastly farmers are not not overpaid by the government.
      Visit a local farmer and talk to him or her about their farm and how animals are raised.

      • Assistant to 100 Days (Amy) |

        Hello. In Food Inc. they are referencing the practices on many large factory farms.

    5. Kristina |

      Vote to change the system? What? Where? How? Thanks.

      • Amy Taylor (comment moderator) |

        Hi Kristina. One of the best ways is by “voting with your wallet” by what you buy or refuse to buy. Go here to take action: ~Amy

      • Parker |

        buy organic or local foods? duh

    6. Elizabeth |

      I did some research on chickens and growth hormones. Since the 1950s it has been against the law to give chickens growth hormones and steroids. Yet Food Inc. claims this is being done and that is why chickens are growing larger and faster. It concerns me that the film would get something like this wrong. It makes me ask the question “What else did they get wrong?”. I am a proponent of organic and whole foods but a film supporting these issues needs to get their facts right. Any comment on this? Did I get this wrong?

      • |

        Hi Elizabeth – You are correct, growth hormones are not allowed to be administered to chickens in the US. Lisa mistakenly wrote “growth hormones” in this post originally when she meant “antibiotics.” I have since updated the post for accuracy, so thanks for pointing that out! I checked a transcript of the documentary “Food, Inc.,” and it does not claim chickens are given growth hormones. – Jason

    7. Dona |

      If you have Amazon Prime, Food, Inc streams for free in Amazon Instant Video. Thanks for giving me something to do this weekend!

    8. Aaliyah |

      Another question that has puzzled my mind is the increase in food allergies (within the past 20-30 years) and its connection to GMO’s. They have done tests on rats feeding them organic food, genetically modified food, and food sprayed with pesticides. The results were that the rats that were living on a GMO diet got sick the most (I’m not surprised). But i personally feel like genetically modifying things we eat is affecting and causing more food allergies. Personally, I love watermelon; however within the past five years I cant eat it anymore because it cause my mouth to swell, itch, become red, and burn, and actually prompted a whole discussion on this topic with my family.

    9. |

      Factory farming of animals is a disgusting practice for a variety of social, environmental, and moral reasons.

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